Tuesday, July 21, 2020

The Powerful Guide on IRAC method By Industry Experts

The Powerful Guide on IRAC method By Industry Experts Here we are going to share with you the complete guide on the IRAC method. Lets get started:- What is IRAC method? Summary What is IRAC method?How to Use the IRAC method?Importance of the IRAC methodIRAC stands for:ComponentsIssueRuleApplication or analysisConclusionThe IRAC method is not applicable for all types of questionsHow to Brief a Case Using the “IRAC” MethodConclusion IRAC is a method applied in composing specific legal reports and documents. The IRAC method is planned to give a useful way to organize your thoughts. It can also be applied to summarize a legal opinion and make a case brief. It gives an effective way to outline the opinion of a court. How to Use the IRAC method? IRAC stands for issue, rule, analysis, and conclusion. It is the way to answer the question of the examination. The concept behind IRAC is that students should go through the pattern of the exam. It includes the detection of several issues as they can, state the rules of law, apply the law to the facts, and then reach conclusions. Importance of the IRAC method IRAC method is a systematic way to legal analysis is beneficial for various purposes. First, legal writing is most of the time confusing. IRAC method supports remove complicated terminology, fact patterns, and legal analysis into easier to know blocks of text. You can also remove or reorder a section to show an organized and clear summary of a specific legal scenario. IRAC stands for: I = identify the issuesR = state the applicable rulesA = apply the rules to the facts of the case applyC = the result of applying the law to the facts. Conclusion Components Issue When you are going to involve in legal analysis issue spotting, then the issue has become the most crucial skills to develop. The issue is the problem or question to be resolved by the use of a legal rule. Some issues that you can require to resolve, such as issues of liability, defence to liability, and so on. Rule If you require to find the rule that uses an issue, then you will have to involve in legal research. Legal rules come from 4 main sources, such as case law, regulations, statutes, and federal and state constitutions. Application or analysis The law is used to the facts to resolve the issue. If you are reading a court case, the court will invest time describing how it used the law to the facts to reach its decision. You can also select to use legislation when applicable. Conclusion The conclusion is the outcome of the use of the law to the facts applied to resolve the issue of law. In the opinion of the court, the conclusion is the decision or holding of the court. Most of the time, the conclusion can be quite short. The IRAC method is not applicable for all types of questions You can solve the problem based questions with the IRAC method. The have got a “explain the benefits and limitations of indefeasibility in property law” type of question, and then you will require to find another method to answer this question. I wouldn’t like to recommend the IRAC for these types of questions. Some of the common places where you may employ this method include: Review of case lawPractically every aspect of legal writing containing, but not limited to, legal memoranda, case briefing, and legal briefs.Assessment of the merits of a potential client matterAn aid to help define what evidence is essential to defend or prosecute a case How to Brief a Case Using the “IRAC” Method Your objective is to decrease the information from the case into a format that will give you a useful reference in class and for review.It is essential to hold the issue the court faced.The applicable law the court applied to solve it.How the court used the rule to the facts and the result.You will then be ready to not only discuss the case but to relate and contrast it to different cases containing the same problem. Conclusion An IRAC method gives such as self-evident conclusion by leading the reader by the logical analysis of an argument. focusing on the legal issues at hand, presenting the relevant rules of law, applying those rules to the related facts at hand, and lastly, yielding the logical conclusion of the dispute in question. If you follow these guidelines, you will write a concise and clear IRAC answer- one that will be best for most of the answers that various students of law are familiar to writing.Get the best assignment help from the experts.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Hemmingway Catherine as a Code Hero - 1708 Words

Catherine: A Manipulative Caretaker In A Farewell to Arms, Frederic Henry is characterized initially by a sort of detachment from life-though well-disciplined and friendly, he feels as if he has nothing to do with the war. These feelings of detachment are pushed away when Henry falls in love with Catherine and begins to realize the hostile nature of the world. In this way, Henry serves the function of a character that becomes initiated in Hemingways philosophy of an indifferent universe and mans struggle against it. Due to the untimely death of a fiancà © previous to the events of this book, Catherine is initiated into Hemingways philosophy, and exemplifies the traits of the Hemingway code hero throughout the novel. She is†¦show more content†¦Ã¢â‚¬Å"I’m not brave anymore, darling. I’m all broken. They’ve broken me. I know it now† (Hemmingway 323). Catherine is clearly in fear of death, but she is not trying to run or hide from it. She faces death and tries to console Henry by telling him she is not going to die. After undergoing a caesarian section and giving birth to a stillborn baby boy, Catherine proves just how brave she is. Though she knows she is dying, she still has the dignity and strength to accept such a fate. In face, she finds herself trying to comfort her distraught lover once again. With death approaching, Catherine’s final words to Frederic Henry suggest she possesses some sense or understanding of her own mortality and of what is soon to come. She says, â€Å"I’m not a bit afraid. It’s just a dirty trick† (331). The â€Å"it† Catherine refers to is presumably death, but in fact, the indefinite may be referring to life, a process Catherine views as a â€Å"rotten game† (31), since so much about it is left to chance and death is always the end. Catherine stood brave in the face of a battle with her own body. Like the soldiers, neither her bravery, nor Henry’s l ove, could save her from death. In Henry’s mind, the death of the soldiers and the death of Catherine are parallel tragedies, which cannot be separated from each other. By weaving the tragedies together, he memorializes both such tragedies, and can perhaps hope to heal a bit of his pain. CriticsShow MoreRelatedErnest Hemingway Essay1365 Words   |  6 Pages ERNEST HEMINGWAY nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; Ernest Hemmingway is a masculine writer of immense emotion. He writes off of his life experiences and his feelings towards different subjects. Ernest Hemingway’s themes are virile on the surface, but when analyzed, one will find them to be romantic and sentimental. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;As one will find through the reading of Hemingway’s works he is a very masculine writer. Says one critic: â€Å"Hemingway fans have long made reference to the

Why and how do writers of English Literary and playful texts “break the rules of” English Free Essays

After having defined the terms â€Å"playful and literary†, I will then look briefly at foregrounding and the classification of the English Language. Then rhyme, rhythm and repletion would be examined followed by how writers break syntactic rules to show thought process. This will be followed by literary usage of the metaphor, collocation and iconicity. We will write a custom essay sample on Why and how do writers of English Literary and playful texts â€Å"break the rules of† English? or any similar topic only for you Order Now Then I will examine playful text in relation to graffiti, newspapers and advertising. Literary and playful usage of language is different from that of everyday language in that it draws attention to the language itself. Writers achieve this by being creative, original and imaginative. Moreover, by â€Å"skilfully manipulating language to create patterns and usage† to express ideas, which draws the readers giving them an original insight into the world of the writer. (Maybin and Mercer, 1996, p. 198) Writers of literary and playful text use language to draw attention to it by way of surprising the reader into an original perception of the language and the subject matter. This according to the Russian formalists is foregrounding (Maybin and Mercer, 1996, p. 163). Foregrounding is achieved, by breaking the rules of language, that is sound, grammar and meaning to place the reader in the text. Thus, the reader is surprised into seeing the image, hearing the sounds and feeling the emotions. The English Language is classified according to the way words are arranged in sequence and it is referred to as a subject verb object or SVO language. This is because the subject always comes before the verb and the object that is being referred to follows the verb. (Graddol etal. , 1994, p. 5) Looking first at rhyme, rhythm and repetition in literary usage, writers especially poets use this as a form of foregrounding. They use rhyme, rhythm and repetition in to make original observations. As in William Blake’s poem â€Å"The Tyger†, one can see that there is an end rhyme with the first line rhyming with the second, and the third with the fourth in an aabb pattern. This is not something is common in normal speech or text. Therefore, Blake, whilst following the tradition of writing poetry in end rhymes is breaking the rules of English. Blake does this because he is not only foregrounding the symmetrical pattern of the verse in its aabb rhymes pattern, but he is also highlighting the eye symmetry of the text. This is done in the first and last stanza where both stanzas are symmetrical apart from one word. Thus, there is a sense of closure and we understand that we have arrived at an end, but because of the aabb pattern, there is also continuity and the idea of the circle of life. Blake also uses rhythm, with each line consisting of four alternating stressed and unstressed words, is used to emphasis the beat of not only the tread of the Tyger but also the rhythmical beating of the hammer on the anvil. The creator of the Tyger and the creator of the poem also use repetition and alliteration to foreground the symmetry of the design. (Maybin and Mercer, 1996, p. 165) Authors also use rule breaking to foreground their characters thought processes. William Faulkner In his novel â€Å"The Sound and the Fury† manipulates the language and surprises the readers into the thought process of the narrator Benjy, who thinks and voices his thoughts, as would a child. He achieves this flow of thought process by omitting the object after the verb. Thus, the reader is uncomfortable with the language, which is limited, showing and creating a sense of incompleteness. This is exactly what Faulkner is aiming for, because Benjy although being thirty-three, is incomplete and exhibits the thought and language process that of a child. Maybin and Mercer, 1996, p. 167) The Charles Dickens also breaks the rules governing the syntactic relationship between words. In his novel The Bleak House Dickens does not, use the verb â€Å"is† after the subject, which is the fog and the object, which is everywhere and everything. By doing this, he foregrounds the reader into an innovative outlook and the reader receives the impression that there is no escaping from the fog; it is all invasive invading the countryside, the social, cultural and political environment. (Maybin and Mercer, 1996, p. 167) Another distinctive feature of literary usage is the metaphor and collocation. Metaphors are comparisons that are not made explicit. They exploit the meanings of words and â€Å"are slipped into â€Å"the sentence (Maybin and Mercer, 1996, p. 165). The rules of English are broken by the metaphor by playing on the various meanings of a word and the paradigmatic relationship of a word. As in the use of â€Å"burning† and â€Å"burnt† in Blake’s The Tyger the words not only refer to the eyes of the Tyger but also to the furnace and the stars when speared are also burning too such an extent that they water the heaven with their tears. Collocation refers to the combining tendencies of words† (Maybin and Mercer, 1996, p. 169) that is, the relationship words have with each other, the meanings that are associated with words and in the context that they are normally used. When this rule is broken, the writers are able to utilise our sense of word collocation to foreground â€Å"unusual and striking association of meaning† (Maybin and Mercer, 1996, p. 169). In Carol Ann Duffy’s poem ‘Litany’ metaphors and collocation is used when she writes â€Å"The terrible marriages crackled cellophane round polyester shirts†. Marriages do not crackle. The word crackle is usually associated with dry inanimate objects; it is this association, which surprises the reader into looking at the marriage in a new light. The metaphor of the cellophane and polyester shirts continue this theme of inanimateness, dead and lifeless as opposed to the marriage being alive and thriving. Collocation is also associated with playful usage of English as in Punning. This occurs when the different meanings of the words are exploited, as in â€Å"My Children! My Africa! Here the Playwright plays on the word ‘riot’ to emphasis the difference in culture and explores the difference in meaning associated to a word by differing social groups. (Maybin and Mercer, 1996, p. 171) Another feature of literary usage is the iconic â€Å"where the sounds and shapes of words and phrases imitate particular objects or process† (Maybin and Mercer, 1996, p. 172) writers use this device in order for the reader to experience and hear the sounds being described. Wordsworth in ‘The Prelude’ uses it to call upon the simple childhood pleasure of making oneself dizzy. He does this by having a long sentence where the subject and verb occur late in the passage. This achieves the effect of rushing and spinning to an abrupt stop. In addition, one can almost imagine that even though we have stopped the â€Å"solitary cliffs Wheeled by†¦ the earth rolled†¦ † (Maybin and Mercer, 1996, p. 172) e e cummings uses this technique in his poem I (Maybin and Mercer, 1996, p. 202) He relies on the visual effect of the poem to emphasis the falling of one leaf and its oneness. Playful text also uses language to draw attention to it this is achieved, by breaking the rules of language, that is sound, grammar and meaning Just like in literary usage. Graffiti although regarded as being antisocial and illegal is an area where English is used in a playful and entertaining way to highlight a particular comment on social issues or give voice to those sub groups that have been denied access to mainstream. Because of the very nature of graffiti, it tends to be short and succinct. The Graffiti â€Å"Glory to God in the High St† (Maybin and Mercer, 1996, p. 10) by deleting a single letter from the angel’s message to the Shepard’s, the graffiti satirises the original Christmas message and reflects the commercialization of Christmas. This is achieved by playing on the sounds and the meaning of the two words Highest and High St. An example of iconic graffiti that is a thought process would be â€Å"Dsylexia rules KO† The popular press also use puns and word play in their headlines e. g. â€Å"Belly Nice (model Naomi Campbell with bare stomach), Wedding Prez (President Clinton unexpectedly attends a wedding)† (Maybin and Mercer, 1996, p. 17). They by virtue of being tabloid newspapers need to capture the readers’ attention quickly and be able to express in a short headline the nature of the article. Therefore, by using headlines like â€Å"Belly Nice† they play on the phrase â€Å"very nice† in referring to the bare stomach and associating it to her second name Campbell. Another area that breaks the rules of English in a playful way is advertising. Advertising uses all the literary techniques of foregrounding to sell the product, image or idea. In the PO advertisement, the text is simple; it has rhyme, rhythm and repetition, and seems at first glance to be a simple, child’s first reader. However, each line does not have the object. It is only at the end that one realises that the last word is the object of the previous lines. In conclusion after having looked at the various distinctive features of literary and playful usage of text one can see that writers, poets, graffiti writers, journalist and the advertisers use and break the rules of English to foreground there ideas in a creative, original and imaginative way. How to cite Why and how do writers of English Literary and playful texts â€Å"break the rules of† English?, Papers

Sunday, April 26, 2020

Poor Management Outline free essay sample

The rationale behind my choice of this as my capstone project topic can be quite simply summed up by a necessity to stem the tide of departures by top notch performers within our division, the requirement that change in a positive way be undertaken to correct current managerial deficiencies, and the enlightenment of all employees when dealing with one another in a professional manner which can build camaraderie or esprit de corps. My belief is that this project will fit in well within my program as it will help solidify many of the managerial aspects I have learned through my studies. In regards to my professional interests it is paramount that my division corrects many of its deficiencies in regards to policy and planning. It is also important for me on a professional and personal level to ascertain how things have gone badly and how they could be prevented or made better in this process. We will write a custom essay sample on Poor Management Outline or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Page 2 The literature included in my search that deals with my capstone project comes from many Internet sites dealing with the varying topics of management written about with vast sums at such sites as management-issues. om, quintcareers. com, humanresources. about. com, and allbusiness. com. The key word searches I performed for my online research via Google. com included â€Å"effects of poor management† and â€Å"working with bad managers† among other less successful combinations that were inputted. Books I’ve used and that were found highly useful during my research include Peter Drucker’s Management: Tasks, Responsibilities, and Practices; Leading Geeks by Paul Glen and David H. Maister; and Motivating the â€Å"What’s in It for Me? † Workforce by Cam Marston. Luckily, there is no shortage of information available on the topic of management and for that matter proper managerial techniques or even methods used by managers who perform poorly. In addition to the Internet sites and books that I have mentioned I will be incorporating a revised version of the workplace climate survey which our office recently completed. These are the foundation of my research and I will merge my personal interviews and research with those from the Internet and literary works in book format. Page 3 The research question that I have developed for this proposal is: Can changes be made within the management of my workplace that will positively affect the quality of work produced by our business unit, an increase in the productivity of our personnel, enhancement of improved job satisfaction, and a turn around for our current problem with retention of key employees? A thesis statement, although not asked for, would be something along the lines of: Our business unit will have a higher quality of work produced by a more energetic and proactive workforce who possess a far better job satisfaction level while retaining the best personnel through the creation of a more professional and people centric management. A specific objective is to determine the varying effects that subpar managers and an overall poor managerial environment have upon my business unit. The specific department I will research intensively is the business unit in which I work while also including a broader arena as necessary to bring together all data that I have discovered and researched. The approach taken is one of descriptive studies and will in the end provide some coursed of action to take for our unit to change its current underperformance. A key area of study will be managerial inadequacy and personnel issues. Page 4 The form of my research project will be descriptive in nature as my research will be primarily used to describe what is going on or what exists. Since I will be describing my work environment and using data collected from personal interviews as well as a workplace climate survey I believe this is the appropriate style. The quality of data is dependent on open and sincere answers from my colleagues, managers, and subordinates. I have had great success with requests for participation however this does not necessarily mean that the answers given are completely honest. My Internet research along with the information attained through the exploration of the books I have chosen will help develop some proposed corrections and alternatives to the present methods of management, productivity, and personnel decision processes. Combining the hands-on work that I have accomplished along with he data collected via the Internet and literature acquired should allow the formulation of some concrete steps to take when moving toward a better professional workplace while taking into account the personal aspects which have thus far been almost singularly denied. The current environment in which my colleagues and I work is one that has several issues that need to be reviewed and examined thoroughly. Page 5 In the undertaking of this capstone project I hope more so than expect to have a positive effect on my professional environ ment. My desire is to invigorate the mindset of some of our more set in their ways managers while attempting to engage colleagues and subordinates in a way that is positive and helps development of a better working atmosphere. Some alternatives I foresee could be as extreme as resentment by management and trepidation by colleagues who reside professionally in fear of persecution; as well as the possibility of a real change in operations and procedures; or this capstone project may be an exercise in futility as time goes on and changes are not made to the system. Personally I feel that this capstone project is an opportunity for me to show my organizational skills that I possess and have honed during my university studies. Professionally my greatest hope is for some positive changes to be made throughout the organization in which I work. The organizational benefits which could be derived if I do well in my presentation of this project could be higher levels of production by employees and management, a greater commitment to employee satisfaction, improved quality of work, and retention of superior performers. Page 6 I believe a successful project for me would involve validation from my coworkers that I have hit on the key talking points that need to be addressed at our workplace. If management would take my proposals into account when determining a course of action to go forth with in the future when dealing with personnel and work related issues that would provide more satisfaction but since this may not occur no matter how well my points are made I view this alternative at some level as â€Å"frosting on the cake†. At this point in my research and the stage of development which I am at in my project I can state that my colleagues are very interested and fully supportive. The criteria I will use in evaluating my current status would be the critiques and recommendations of my managers, coworkers, and subordinates. I can be judged by many different aspects on this capstone project but I truly feel as though the one that is the single greatest measure will be the feedback provided by those who work with me on a daily basis within the business unit.

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Free Essays on The Eternal Conflict

The Eternal Conflict Bram Stoker’s Dracula focuses on the oldest conflict known to literature: good versus evil. The beliefs of Harker and his allies are firmly rooted in Christianity, whereas Dracula haunts them and hopes to bring them over to the dark side. Although the battle between good and evil is prominent throughout the text, chapter 21 provides a stellar example of the conflict. When Van Helsing and Seward confront Dracula in the Harker’s bedroom, there are many elements that reveal the theme of good versus evil, most often with Biblical references. Early in the chapter, Stoker goes to great lengths to show the nobleness of Dr. Van Helsing and Seward. After Renfield is attacked, Seward and Dr. Van Helsing are immediately at the injured man’s side. In fact, Dr. Van Helsing is able to bring Renfield back to consciousness just long enough for him to explain what happened. Dr. Van Helsing’s miraculous medical operation mirrors Jesus’ revival of Lazarus. The selfless actions of Seward and Dr. Van Helsing establish them as righteous characters. Renfield’s story of his dealings with Count Dracula reinforces the fact that Dracula is an evil, disloyal creature. Dracula had come to Renfield’s cell a few days earlier. The Count made an offer to Renfield: â€Å"All these lives I will give you, ay, and many more and greater, through countless ages, if you will fall down and worship me!† Dracula’s visit to Renfield recalls the Devil’s temptation of Jesus in the desert. However, Renfield is unable to resist Dracula’s offer, and he agrees to serve the Count. However, Dracula fails to make good on his promises, and instead mortally wounds Renfield. Since Dracula takes advantage of the mentally weak Renfield, then betrays him, Dracula is shown to be evil and treacherous. The theme of good versus evil is most prominent when Seward and Dr. Van Helsing confront Dracula in the Harker’s bedroom. Armed wit... Free Essays on The Eternal Conflict Free Essays on The Eternal Conflict The Eternal Conflict Bram Stoker’s Dracula focuses on the oldest conflict known to literature: good versus evil. The beliefs of Harker and his allies are firmly rooted in Christianity, whereas Dracula haunts them and hopes to bring them over to the dark side. Although the battle between good and evil is prominent throughout the text, chapter 21 provides a stellar example of the conflict. When Van Helsing and Seward confront Dracula in the Harker’s bedroom, there are many elements that reveal the theme of good versus evil, most often with Biblical references. Early in the chapter, Stoker goes to great lengths to show the nobleness of Dr. Van Helsing and Seward. After Renfield is attacked, Seward and Dr. Van Helsing are immediately at the injured man’s side. In fact, Dr. Van Helsing is able to bring Renfield back to consciousness just long enough for him to explain what happened. Dr. Van Helsing’s miraculous medical operation mirrors Jesus’ revival of Lazarus. The selfless actions of Seward and Dr. Van Helsing establish them as righteous characters. Renfield’s story of his dealings with Count Dracula reinforces the fact that Dracula is an evil, disloyal creature. Dracula had come to Renfield’s cell a few days earlier. The Count made an offer to Renfield: â€Å"All these lives I will give you, ay, and many more and greater, through countless ages, if you will fall down and worship me!† Dracula’s visit to Renfield recalls the Devil’s temptation of Jesus in the desert. However, Renfield is unable to resist Dracula’s offer, and he agrees to serve the Count. However, Dracula fails to make good on his promises, and instead mortally wounds Renfield. Since Dracula takes advantage of the mentally weak Renfield, then betrays him, Dracula is shown to be evil and treacherous. The theme of good versus evil is most prominent when Seward and Dr. Van Helsing confront Dracula in the Harker’s bedroom. Armed wit...

Monday, March 2, 2020

Class of 2017 Skip the new SAT and take the ACT

Class of 2017 Skip the new SAT and take the ACT SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips The SAT is changing in March of 2016, so the class of 2017 is in a tough spot: how do you deal with the change? One strategy is to just skip the SAT and instead do the ACT. Is this strategy brilliant or brilliantly boneheaded? Here we find out. Early Studier? Take the Old SAT! Last year, I wrote an in-depth analysisarguing that you should take the old SAT on or before January 2016. This advice still holds if you're studying early enough say September 2015 or before. But what if the old SAT is simply not an option. If you can't or don't want to start preparing for the test until October 2015 or later read on... Advantages of the ACT If you're sure that the old SAT is out for you, then the advantages of the ACT versus the new SAT cannot be overstated for the class of 2017. Studying the ACT Works Better The current version of the ACT has been out for years now. This means there is a lot more institutional knowledge of what you must do to get a high score. Compared to the new SAT, the ACT is better understood by everyone: you have access to more practice tests, prep centers have more experience, publishers have come out with more training books even the test makers have more experience in making a better test! Every test has a method, and can be studied. With the ACT, the study method is clear, while for the SAT, the study method is not. But what if I like the SAT better? You might like the old SAT better than the ACT, but did you know that the new SAT will much more resemble the ACT? The new SAT is making writing optional, reducing emphasis on vocab, and generally copying the ACT because the ACT is growing faster than the SAT. What this means is that liking the current SAT is not a strong reason to take the new SAT it'll be different from the SAT you know now. Most of the guides you find online comparing the SAT to ACT use the old SAT as the baseline you cannot conclude from these guides that you'll like the new SAT better! Aren't SAT's more "legit" and "standard" than the ACT? Those of us who grew up on the coasts (me included, since I grew up in the NYC area) have heard about the SAT for decades. It may seem to you that the SAT is the standard test to take because you hear it a lot from teachers or classmates. But these days, more people take the ACT than the SAT. The ACT overtook the SAT as the USA college test of choice years ago. Almost all colleges that take the SAT also take the ACT and treat them equally. Besides psychological familarity to some people, the ACT is every bit as good, legit, and standard as the SAT. Who are the ACTs most advantageous for? Like I mentioned before, if you're in the class of 2017, and starting to study September 2015 or before, do the old SAT (unless you like the ACT to begin with). Thus, the ACT strategy is most benficial for students studying starting around October, and going all the way through the summer of 2016. If you're not studying until fall of 2016 (senior fall) the new SAT could work for you as there will be months of materials out but still not as much as the ACT. In short: if you're in the class of 2017 and won't start to study until October 2016 or later, seriously consider the advantages of the ACT! Other Articles to Read: Class of 2017: Guide on Old SAT vs new SAT (for those studying before September 2015) How long before the SAT should you study? Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Tweet Dr. Fred Zhang About the Author Fred is co-founder of PrepScholar. He scored a perfect score on the SAT and is passionate about sharing information with aspiring students. Fred graduated from Harvard University with a Bachelor's in Mathematics and a PhD in Economics. 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